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Everything posted by LederMaschinist

  1. I've watched a lot of machine adjustment videos, and one came to mind. It's definitely not a Consew 206, but maybe you can learn something from it. It's produced by Uwe Grosse who is a member here, and all of his videos are pretty top notch. Go to 9:37 for the forward/reverse stitch length adjustment. You might also check that the top and bottom shafts aren't 1 rotation out of phase, and that the feet are lifting equal amounts.
  2. Here are a few of my tests. I think I've decided to do the easiest method, that is an entirely different method. I had some 3/16" nylon cord that I used to create my raised lip. I need to get some piping feet for any of these methods, as they'll allow me to tuck the visible stitching in closer. That would help the most with the cord method because the stitchline preserves the alignment and keeps everything tight. My current gigantic, deeply serrated foot were pretty rough on the lip, but the marks did mostly rub out. I'm open to any tips or suggestions. 1/2" grid on the cutting mat. Posting from phone, I hope the pictures aren't huge. Not bad, leather was skived to half thickness: Here's an attempt at a curve. Ignore the #69 thread, that was an afterthought. Not too bad, a little practice and this could be tidied up: Backside: And here's the sample with the cord. It's much easier, which means a better finished result, I think. Top, back, and cross section:
  3. I didn't describe it in the post, but I agree. Both stitch lines, the one inside the binding, and the one parallel to it went through both leather and foam. Since thread is cheap, and leather is expensive, I have found that EVA craft foam that you can get at just about any craft store, is a good stand in for leather when trying something new. I get it in 1/16" and just double it up to simulate thicker leather if need be. Using the proper thickness, it will give you an accurate picture of the required dimensions. It also behaves much like a soft oil tanned leather in the way it stretches.
  4. Thanks for the replies. After seeing them, I'm kind of glad I didn't try a binding attachment. It sounds like a "maybe" solution that would take a lot of fussing to get to work properly. If I were going to be making a hundred of these mats, I would probably reconsider. I did some test pieces last night, and this method worked fairly well. On the first attempt I used cement along the edge to hold the pieces face to face before running the first stitch line, and ended up with something that looked pretty decent, if somewhat bulkier than I expected. I didn't have any double sided tape, but one of the keys to good appearance was to keep everything straight, and to cement all the interior surfaces of the folds and wrap. On the second attempt, I realized I didnt need a strip at all, which is nice, because I don't have to hack apart my hides to cut long strips out of them. The outer edge can simply be folded over, grain to grain, stitched through close to the edge, and then folded back over and under, and then a line of stitching run parallel to the folded edge which holds the edge of the leather in place on the bottom, and gives a nice looking stitch detail on the top. With this 5oz leather and 1/8" of padding, it requires about 1.75" material width to complete the folds and wrap. I found the bulk was significantly reduced and the appearance further enhanced by skiving the 1.75" at the edge down to about 1/2 thickness before any folding. I'll see about posting some pictures this evening, as I think the method really turned out pretty nice. Now I just have to figure out how to do corners and radiuses.
  5. I'm planning on making some work mats, and would like to bind the edges. The top layer of the mat will be a 5/6oz layer of oil tanned leather. The bottom layer of the mat will be dense 1/8" foam rubber, to provide padding and prevent slipping around. To prevent the foam rubber from delaminating at the edges with use and to also provide a small rim around the edge of the mat, I'd like to bind the edges with a strip of 5/6oz leather strap made from the same leather as the top surface. Ideally I'd like the stitches to go through all 4 layers (top binding, work surface, foam rubber, bottom binding). I made some attempts at doing this without an attachment, and because everything was sort of "squishy" it was very difficult to get a uniform edge. The other possibility Is I simply fold the top layer of leather under and glue it to the bottom of the foam rubber and then stitch. I played with that a bit, but still had some difficulty due to the squishyness. I'm pretty sure there attachments to handle the leather binding strip, but the introduction of the foam rubber layer and the thickness of the binding strap are what is leading me to question the feasibility. The machine I plan to do this on is a Singer 144w long arm walking foot machine. It's my only walking foot machine.
  6. Technically cast iron can be welded, but it requires the correct filler rod, and very careful preheating. If your friend is experienced in welding cast iron, they might do it successfully. If done improperly often the cast iron will spontaneously break next to the weld repair at exactly the most inconvenient moment. If they aren't experienced in welding cast iron, it's much easier to brass or bronze braze the repair. Suggest this to them if they can do it. The other possibility, and certainly the easier solution is to measure the diameter of the top shaft where the wheel mounts, and replace it with an off the shelf sheave (pulley) of your choice. Going this route, you can use an even larger wheel, which will further slow the machine and increase torque. You'll lose the traditional Singer look, but you will end up with a solution that can be even more functional than the part you replaced.
  7. If you haven't gotten that clamping screw loose yet, forget all the penetrating oil and heat. Those sometimes work, but this is the tool you need and it has never failed me. It's called an impact driver. You put the proper screwdriver bit in it, put it on the screw and whack it with a mallet. It simultaneously puts pressure on the screw to keep the bit from slipping, and also turns the screw to loosen it. This tool will usually loosen the most stubborn screw without even damaging the screw head. You do have to securely hold whatever part it is that you are working on, because it will take the full force from the mallet blow. https://www.amazon.co.uk/TEKTON-2905-8-Inch-Manual-7-Piece/dp/B000NPPATS/
  8. I've though about building a hand cranked machine from scratch. I actually do a lot of grinding and cutter work in my day job, and in my opinion the blade would actually be the easy part. I thought about modifying a purchased rolling mill used for jewelry making and such. It basically already has everything but the splitting blade already there. The bottom roller would have to be textured for grip, and perhaps mounted on springs to apply even pressure on leather that's uneven in initial thickness. The other route I have considered is basically a guided "plane" where the blade follows closely behind a roller that would apply pressure to the leather to hold it in place and and ensure it's pressed flat against the work surface. The plane would ride on a rail suspended over the work surface and would shave a strip about 1" wide. The working idea would be you lay the piece of leather on the work surface, grain side down, and pull or push the plane across the leather. Then you'd advance the leather over slightly less than the width of the cutter, and take another pass. You'd basically thin the leather in 1" wide passes more or less "mowing" it thinner. Even a large piece would go quickly. And size would only be limited by the length of the rail that the plane rides on. I'd use inexpensive linear rail with a bearing block to guide the plane.
  9. Some good stuff here. Thanks for all the replies. How about some methods that maybe are a little more Old West style, or perhaps Indiana Jones style? Billy, do you by any chance have a closer shot of those friction "buckles"?
  10. Hi all. I'm looking for various methods of closing containers like wet formed cases and such. I know snaps and buckles are always an option, but at this point I'm more interested in methods that don't require any purchased hardware, and are an all leather solution. Something like a tab that slips through a loop and other possibilities. Can people share examples here of methods they like to use on their own work, or maybe from examples floating around the internet? Thanks.
  11. I like your style RockyAussie. If you can't get it, just make it. Although it appears you have a bit of a rust issue going on there. Call it coastal patina. I was going to provide links to drum sanders from craigslist in Australia, but sure enough, I couldn't find a single one for sale. Here's the type of sander I'm talking about if anyone isn't sure what I'm referring to: https://www.grizzly.com/products/Grizzly-12-1-1-2-HP-Baby-Drum-Sander/G0459
  12. Hi all, I've been enjoying the forum and have slowly been assembling a hobby leather studio in my basement. I finally got around to making a few items, instead of just messing around. Here are some pictures. I'd appreciate any tips or critique I could use to improve future projects. My first project was a simple card wallet. I used scrap veg tan from one of those $20, 2 pound scrap bags. Edges are glued, sanded, wet burnished, and sealed with beeswax. Finish was simply some neatsfoot, and Tandy's carnauba finish wax. It has about a month of use on it at this point and the outside is darkening nicely. I punched the stitch holes from the inside out without a proper backing pad, so I'm not real happy with the stitching appearance on the outside. Also, I used bonded machine thread to do the saddle stitch, and it has gone somewhat fuzzy on the outside. Any way to prevent the fraying? My 2nd project is a holster for a rifle bolt. The leather is cheap veg tan, I bought off Amazon. The interior is fully lined with inexpensive glazed black pigskin. The outside was dyed with Fiebing's Pro Dye in Saddle Tan, with a carnauba wax finish coat. The edges were sanded, wet burnished, dyed with black industrial sharpie, burnished, beeswaxed, and polished with a cloth. The machine stitching was done on my modified Singer 95, with 138 bonded nylon, and the hand stitching was done with Tandy's braided waxed thread. I'm very happy with how things turned out, especially the saddle stitching. I had done some test pieces to set the tension on my machine, and thought I had it nailed. A little disappointed when I flipped the project over and saw that it needed more adjustment. Next time, I will probably use a black bobbin thread, because I don't think the interior stitching really adds any interest. On future leather cases like the holster, I'm interested in using an all leather arrangement for closure. Some sort of strap and loop setup. Does anyone have some examples of methods of doing this without any metal hardware?
  13. I am a machinist in my day job. In what little time I have left over I have started to dabble in leathercrafting. I've been putting together a little studio in my basement over the last 8 months or so. One of the abilities I'm lacking at the moment is the ability to split or thin leather in any way that's useful. I have actually designed and built several metalworking machines for my business, and the gears are now spinning again. I've been tossing around some designs for setups that would allow a home based leatherworker to split or thin leather at home in a useful and affordable way. True splitting might be out of the realm of possibility, so that's why I also say thinning.
  14. Your setup here was actually the precursor to my post. I have seen an older thread or two where you showed this setup. What you basically have here is a sanding drum (belt roller) and a table (wooden rest). This setup is what made me think a thickness sander would probably work, assuming there are no feed issues. It's seems there is a large gap in the leather splitting category. You have choices of little machines that can't really manage anything wider than a belt blank, or industrial band splitters and roller splitters costing thousands. Drum sanders are readily available on the resale market fir under $500. It's possible they could help fill that gap.
  15. Nice. Cool idea with the car tire. Wood planers usually use feed rollers, but most sanders use a rubber conveyor system. You're probably correct about the rollers, although I think it depends a bit on which way the drum spins in relation to the feed. With wood, you'd definitely want the drum to spin against the feed direction, but with leather it might be advantageous to spin the drum with the feed to prevent bunching.
  16. I've been looking all over for an affordable splitter that would be useful for pieces larger than a belt blank. I'll get lucky someday. In the meantime, I've been thinking about whether a thickness sander could do the job. Obviously the split would be turned to dust, but it would offer a lot more flexibility in sourcing leather if I could just buy the thickest available. I'm referring to the type of sander that is intended for thinning lumber. The drum is horizontally oriented and there is a feed mechanism that feeds the lumber through the sander. Many of these machines are capable of sanding veneers and other thin cuts, so it seems they might work for leather. I have trouble believing no one has tried this, but I have looked all over and can't find any references to the practice. And before someone suggests it, I'm not interested in using a random orbit or belt sander to do the job. A knife is far superior to those options. Has anyone tried this? Does it seem like a stupid idea?
  17. Thanks for the info. Looks like going in the back of the car is out of the question. Getting them on a trailer would certainly be easier. I may be able to do it myself with a hand truck. Cant be anymore difficult than the 800lb lathe I moved in and out of my basement, split into two parts.
  18. I realize this is an old thread, but it seems to contain the most information. I'm looking at picking up a couple of these machines, one in somewhat marginal operating condition, the other one is pretty rough and I figure it could be a parts machine. The piece of information I'm looking for is an accurate weight of the machine. I've looked at manuals and threads elsewhere, but can't find any numbers other than "heavy". Does anyone know what the weight actually is? If I were to separate the top from the base, it's this something a strong ex-football lineman could handle alone?
  19. I noticed you started stitchng with two threads held back, and at some point one disappeared and you were left holding one thread. I think these guys have it right. It does appear that the needle is being threaded right to left rather than left to right and the hook is simply pulling the thread back out of the needle but it appears that it's magically escaping the eye. The other possibility is that you have a broken needle that took a hook strike to the eye, and one side of the needle hole is actually broken but appears to be whole because the break springs shut and closes the gap when not actively sewing.
  20. That appears to be something like a Gast air motor. Lots of power and torque in a small package. Similar to this one: http://vactech.com.my/product/vacuum-pumps/4am-gast/ I happened to just be looking at these yesterday with the idea of using one backwards as a belt driven compressor powered by the clutch motor to charge a small airtank that could be used for a pneumatic presser lift.
  21. That's an interesting idea. Considering it's just a couple dollars worth of bronze of bronze and a little setup time, it would be a good way to see if the whole plan will work before changing pulleys and belt. Some quick math (I cheated and drew it up) shows it's going to be half a degree or less of slope to the hook shaft. I don't think spinning the rotary hook half a degree off axis will hurt function. I've seen a similar machine on youtube with a bent hook shaft running much further out than that and it stitched just fine.
  22. Thanks for the info. Right now it uses metal flange bearings for the hook shaft that are .500" diameter and the hook shaft itself is .217" (5.5mm). So I could make new .500" bearings and move the hole for the hook shaft up to about .130" before the wall would get too thin on the side of the hook shaft hole in the bearing. This means I wouldn't have to do any machining on the bed casting itself, and it would be a simple bearing swap with some careful alignment of the new eccentric holes. I had already planned on changing that swiss cheese belt to an industrial grade timing belt, which will involve changing the pulleys anyway. So I can just source the proper size belt and pulleys for the new spacing from top shaft to hook shaft. It's also possible that there's enough slack in the existing belt to handle an additional .220 of pulley to pulley loop circumference without changing pulleys or belt. Filing the slot for the stitch length is exactly what I did. The feed dogs have about .225" of travel now and when I pushed the internal lever beyond the slot, I was able to get the dogs walking about .265". It's weird how some parts are sized in inches and some parts are obviously metric. And some aren't inch or metric and are something entirely non-standard and different. It looks like I might have found a 144w204 for the big, heavy duty stuff I want to do.
  23. Lol. How much too large? There's room to move the shaft lower either with offset bushings or larger bushings set lower and plenty of room front and back. I'm lucky it's a small machine because it will fit on my mill. By the way, did you know a singer 95 will easily do 4.5 spi, and with a little more work will do just under 4?
  24. I have a favor to ask of the Consew 206RB or equivalent owners here on the forum. I'm looking for the outside diameter of the rotary hook, and an approximate distance from the point of the actual hook to the face of the collar where it runs against the bushing on the hook shaft as if it were standing on that face upright on a table. Careful measurement with a ruler would work, but a caliper measurement would be ideal. If anyone is wondering, I plan on doing something ill-advised and somewhat foolish. Thanks.
  25. Its good to know that you have needles that are almost compatible, I'll call tomorrow and order some needles. Modifying the needle bar is not a problem. I have all sorts of tooling designed to cut hardened tool steel. So I guess the question is, if you had your choice of needle type up to about size 19 or 22, what type would that needle be?
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